Rule 3.985. Standard Jury Instructions

The forms of Florida Standard Jury Instructions in Criminal Cases appearing on the court’s website at www.floridasupremecourt.org/jury
_instructions/instructions.shtml may be used by the trial judges of this state in charging the jury in every criminal case to the extent that the forms are applicable, unless the trial judge shall determine that an applicable form of instruction is erroneous or inadequate, in which event the judge shall modify or amend the form or give such other instruction as the trial judge shall determine to be necessary to instruct the jury accurately and sufficiently on the circumstances of the case; and, in such event, the trial judge shall state on the record or in a separate order the respect in which the judge finds the standard form erroneous or inadequate and the legal basis of the judge’s finding. Similarly, in all circumstances in which the notes accompanying the Florida Standard Jury Instructions in Criminal Cases contain a recommendation that a certain type of instruction not be given, the trial judge may follow the recommendation unless the judge shall determine that the giving of such an instruction is necessary to instruct the jury accurately and sufficiently, in which event the judge shall give such instruction as the judge shall deem appropriate and necessary; and, in such event, the trial judge shall state on the record or in a separate order the legal basis of the determination that the instruction is necessary.

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